Cerrahpaşa Medical Journal
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

The Value of Shear Wave Elastography and Velocity Standard Deviation Value in the Differentiation of Subacute Thyroiditis and Chronic Autoimmune Thyroiditis

1.

Department of Medical Imaging Techniques, İstanbul Rumeli University, Vocational School of Health Services, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Radiology, Acıbadem Kozyatağı Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Medical Imaging Techniques, Acıbadem University, Vocational School of Health, İstanbul, Turkey

Cerrahpasa Med J 2022; 46: 115-120
DOI: 10.5152/cjm.2022.21094
Read: 60 Downloads: 17 Published: 08 February 2022

Objective: To evaluate the possibility of distinguishing between subacute thyroiditis and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis, which can mimic each other in terms of clinical, laboratory, and radiological findings with shear wave elastography.

Methods: Patients who were diagnosed with subacute thyroiditis according to their clinical, laboratory, and radiological characteristics (Group 1) and patients using drugs for chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (Group 2) were included in the study. All patients underwent shear wave elastography examination after thyroid ultrasonography. Vmean and velocity standard deviation (Vsd) values were measured in both lobes with shear wave elastography. Grayscale and Doppler sonography imaging features of the patients (parenchymal heterogeneity, perithyroidal lymph node, parenchymal vascularity) and laboratory values (TSH, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody, anti-thyroglobulin) were recorded. It was evaluated statistically whether there was a significant difference between the groups in terms of these parameters and shear wave elastography values.

Results: Although there was no significant difference between the groups in terms of clinical, laboratory, and radiological features, the total thyroid gland volume was higher in Group 1. The rate of parenchymal heterogeneity and hypovascularity was higher in Group 1. No significant difference was found in terms of elastographic parameters. The elastographic stiffness was higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 for both lobes.

Conclusion: In the presence of hypovascular heterogeneous patchy areas with increased thyroid gland sizes, it is more possible to support the diagnosis of subacute thyroiditis by ultrasonography. The Vsd value of 0.4 and above with elastography strengthens the diagnosis in terms of subacute thyroiditis.

Cite this article as: Tekcan Şanlı DE, Yıldırım D. The value of shear wave elastography and velocity standard deviation value in the differentiation of subacute thyroiditis and chronic autoimmune thyroiditis. Cerrahpaşa Med J. 2022;46(2):115-120.

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