Cerrahpaşa Medical Journal

The Role of Quercetin in Alleviating the Testicular Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes


Department of Medical Biochemistry, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Medical Biology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Biochemistry, Yıldız Technical University, İstanbul, Turkey


Department of Physiology, İstanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Cerrahpasa Med J 2021; 45: 159-166
DOI: 10.5152/cjm.2021.21046
Read: 484 Downloads: 182 Published: 09 November 2021

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of quercetin on oxidative stress and apoptosis in testicular tissue of streptozotocin- induced diabetic male rats.

Methods: Thirty-two Wistar type Albino rats were divided into 4 groups. The groups are planned as follows: group 1: control group (only 0.9% sodium chloride, i.p. injection for 30 days, n = 8), group 2: DM group (streptozotocin: 50 mg/kg, freshly dissolved in 0.9% sodium chloride, i.p, n = 8), group 3: DM + QR group (quercetin: 20 mg/kg/day, diluted in 4% ethanol, 30 days, i.p.) (streptozotocin: 50 mg/kg, i.p., single dose, n = 8), group 4: control + QR group (quercetin: 20 mg/kg/day, 30 day, i.p., n = 8). Testicular tissue samples were taken under anesthesia on the 31st day of the study. Malondialdehyde, lipid hydroperoxide, advanced oxidation protein products, total thiol, nonprotein sulfhydryl compounds, and Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase were determined by spectrophotometric method.

Results: Malondialdehyde and lipid hydroperoxide levels were higher in the DM group compared to the control and DM + QR group. Advanced oxidation protein product levels were lower in the control group than in the control + QR and DM group, while total thiol, nonprotein sulfhydryl levels, and Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase activity were higher in DM + QR group compared to control and DM groups. In the DM + QR group, a significant decrease was found in the number of apoptotic cells compared to the DM group (P < .001).

Conclusion: Quercetin administration can be potentially beneficial and effective in preventing oxidative stress (lipid and protein) damage and apoptosis in the testicles of diabetic rats.

Cite this article as: Hajiyeva R, Durmuş S, Tunçdemir M, et al. The role of quercetin in alleviating the testicular oxidative stress and apoptosis in streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Cerrahpaşa Med J. 45(3):159-166.

EISSN 2687-1904