Cerrahpaşa Medical Journal
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of Coronavirus Disease 2019-Related Anxiety, Depression, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Liver Transplantation Recipients and Their Caregivers

1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

2.

Department of Psychiatry, Akdeniz University, Faculty of Medicine, Antalya, Turkey

Cerrahpasa Med J 2023; 47: 229-234
DOI: 10.5152/cjm.2023.22116
Read: 363 Downloads: 190 Published: 22 August 2023

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the levels of anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder in patients with liver transplantation and in their primary caregivers during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic.

Methods: Forty-five liver transplant recipients and 37 primary caregivers were included in the study. The sociodemographic data form, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and the Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist—civilian version were administered to all participants.

Results: The mean age of the patients and caregivers was 51.46 ± 12.37 and 42.08 ± 15.04 years, respectively. Thirty-one percent of the patients and 70.3% of the caregivers were women. According to the Beck Anxiety Inventory, 13.3% of the patients and 21.6% of the caregivers had clinically significant anxiety, whereas 28.8% of the patients and 32.4% of the caregivers had clinically significant depression according to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale scores. Post-traumatic stress disorder was determined according to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist—civilian version in 33.3% of the patients and 48.6% of the caregivers. However, when the mean Beck Anxiety Inventory, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist—civilian version scale scores of both groups were compared, no significant difference was found between the 2 groups. In the regression analysis, it was determined that each 1-point increase in Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression scores resulted in a 1.314-fold significant increase in post-traumatic stress disorder scores.

Conclusion: The levels of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are significantly higher in patients with liver transplantation and their caregiv- ers during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. Therefore, considering that these patients and their caregivers are not being treated for these dis- orders, the prompt identification of at-risk populations, early intervention, and effective management of diagnosed disorders are worthy of attention.

Cite this article as: Adanır H, Erdoğan A. Evaluation of coronavirus disease 2019-related anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder in liver transplantation recipients and their caregivers. Cerrahpaşa Med J. 2023;47(2):229-234.

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